Periodontology or Periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect them.
The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium, which includes the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament.
A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease, and in the placement of dental implants.
Periodontists receive extensive training in these areas, including three additional years of education to earn master of dental surgery in periodontics i.e.MDS after completing BDS i.e Bachelors of dental surgery.
They are familiar with the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating periodontal disease, and are also trained in performing cosmetic periodontal procedures.
Periodontitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end -- if not properly treated -- with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.
Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease. These include:
During a dental exam, your dentist typically checks for these things:
Treatment options depend on the stage of disease, how you may have responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues.
In most of the cases, gum disease can be reversed when proper plaque control is practiced. Proper plaque control consists of professional cleanings at least twice a year and daily brushing and flossing. According to the American Dental Association, antibacterial mouth rinses can reduce bacteria that cause plaque and gum disease.
Following factors can increase the severity, and speed of gum disease:
Under certain circumstances,researchers have revealed potential links between gum disease and other serious health conditions such as Diabetes,heart disease,preterm low birth rates,respiratotory disease etc.
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that a periodontist places into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge.
Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral and systemic health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason.
Under proper conditions,such as placement by a periodontist and diligent patient maintenance,implants can last a lifetime.